Winter diet must know little common sense

1, what kind of food should be preferred in winter healthy diet

In winter, people generally feel that the mouth, nose, skin and other parts are somewhat dry. Chinese medicine believes that the relationship between the lungs and the seasons is very close. Therefore, it is advisable to eat more foods that have the effect of moistening the lungs and producing fluids.

According to the introduction of modern nutritionists, foods suitable for winter consumption include: dog meat, beef, chicken, turtle, lamb, shrimp, etc.; vegetables include soybeans, broad beans, carrots, onions, garlic, leeks, mustard. , rape, parsley, etc.; fruits are chestnuts, apricots, oranges, grapefruit, etc.; as well as brown sugar, glutinous rice, goat milk, pine nuts and so on.

So what foods should be preferred for a healthy winter diet?

First, hey. Raw oysters can clear away heat, thirst, quench your thirst, and cook well with spleen, appetizers, and blood. Therefore, there is a saying that “summer hot springs are suitable for students, and cool autumns are suitable for cooking, fresh raw foods should be fresh, and cooked foods should be strong and old”.

Second, Huang Wei. Autumn and winter restaurants not only have strong replenishment, but also have a certain regulatory effect on blood sugar. In the winter diet, such as burning glutinous rice dumplings, stewed glutinous rice dumplings, fried glutinous rice balls, rice dumplings, etc., are health food.

Third, chestnuts. Chestnuts have the effect of strengthening the spleen and nourishing the stomach, strengthening the kidneys and strengthening the bones, as well as the king of nourishing stomach.

Fourth, red dates. Jujube has the effect of nourishing yin, moistening dryness, and replenishing qi and supplementing lung, such as common stew with white fungus, lily, and yam.

Fifth, chicken soup, winter is the season of high incidence of bronchitis, one of the prevention methods is to drink chicken soup, especially for children. According to analysis, hen fat has the effect of enhancing the secretion and phlegm of bronchial mucosa. In addition, chicken has a special substance that can enhance the blood circulation of the pharynx and the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity. It is of great benefit in maintaining airway patency, clearing respiratory viruses, alleviating cold and nasal congestion, and treating throat and cough.

Sixth, animal internal organs. The liver, kidney, heart and other internal organs of animals contain many vitamin B2. In the late winter and early spring, due to the dry climate, many people have cracked lips and are prone to suffer from angular cheilitis due to the lack of vitamin B2.

Seventh, kelp. Kelp contains more iodine, iodine contributes to the synthesis of thyroid hormones, and thyroid hormones have a thermogenic effect. Therefore, at the end of winter and early spring, proper consumption of seaweed has a good effect of keeping warm.

2. What foods should be eaten during winter skin care?

First, Yi Shi foods rich in vitamin A, such as leeks, rape, spinach, sweet potato, radish, pumpkin and animal liver, shrimp, egg yolk and so on. These foods can moisturize the skin, prevent dryness, roughness and wrinkles.

Second, Yi Shi food rich in B vitamins. Common foods rich in B vitamins include animal liver and kidney, peanuts, brown rice, wheat bran, and beans. These foods can smooth wrinkles and prevent the occurrence of skin diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis and rosacea.

Third, Yi Shi is rich in foods rich in niacin, such as lean meat, eggs, beans, peanuts and cabbage, rape, leeks and other leafy green vegetables. In the daily diet, ensure that there is sufficient supply of nicotinic acid to prevent dandruff.

Fourth, Yi Shi foods rich in vitamin C, such as dates, hawthorn, oranges, oranges and so on. In the diet, to ensure adequate supply of vitamin C, can effectively prevent bleeding purpura occurs in the skin.
Fifth, Yi Shi animal fat. The right amount to eat animal fat is not only beneficial to the supply of human heat, but also can maintain normal luster and elasticity of the skin.

3, what porridge should drink in winter

First, it is advisable to drink two milk porridge. 250 grams of fresh milk, fresh goat milk 120 grams, 90 grams of rice, sugar amount, boiled porridge. Two milk porridge has tonic, run five organs. Applicable to physical weakness, blood loss, illness after illness, constipation and other illnesses.

Second, you should drink chicken porridge. One hen, 100 grams of rice, a little salt, boiled porridge. Chicken porridge has nourishing qi and blood, and helps to keep the five internal organs clean. Applicable to syndromes such as deficiency syndrome, blood loss, unstable kidney, maternal nutritional deficiency and other illnesses.

Third, you should drink walnut porridge. 30 grams of walnut, rice amount, boiled porridge. Walnut porridge has the role of replenishing the body. Applicable to elderly people and children.

Fourth, you should drink chestnut porridge. Glutinous rice 250 grams, chestnut 50 grams, boiled porridge. Chestnut porridge has the effect of nourishing the stomach, strengthening the waist and knees, and strengthening bones and bones. Suitable for kidney deficiency, leg weakness, and polyuria in the elderly to take.

Fifth, it is advisable to drink medaka brown sugar porridge. Peony, Gui Xin, wind 10 grams each, Anemarrhena, ephedra each 6 grams, system Aconite 8 grams, 3 grams of licorice, 150 grams of rice, brown sugar amount, boiled porridge. Paeoniae Rhizoma Brown Sugar Congee has the effect of dehumidification and analgesia. Applicable to limb joint pain, swollen feet, shortness of breath and other symptoms.

4, what winter cold drink should be clear soup

First, we should drink mutton soup. The famous prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, Angelica sinensis mutton and mutton soup, is a medicine that is cooked together with meat and soup. It has the effect of warming blood and promoting blood circulation and dispelling cold. Prevention and treatment of qi and blood weakness, malnutrition, cold limbs, Yaoxisuanruan, postpartum abdominal pain, frailty and other elderly have a certain role. Mutton with fish maw belly soup and scutellaria drink together, with warm yang, strong bones and spleen, enhance the role of resistance.

Second, you should drink bone soup. In winter, you often drink bone soup to supplement the body's required collagen, calcium, phospholipids, etc., to enhance the hematopoietic capacity of the bone marrow and enhance resistance. At the same time, it can also promote the recovery of the injured (especially fracture patients) and slow down the aging process.

Third, we should drink chicken soup. Especially the special nutrients in the hen's soup can accelerate the blood circulation of the throat and bronchial mucosa, increase the secretion of mucous membranes, and eliminate bacteria and viruses on the respiratory mucosa in time. It has a good effect on the treatment of cough, cold, asthma and other diseases, especially for the elderly, the weak and the sick.

Fourth, you should drink fresh fish soup. Fish soup contains a large number of special fatty acids with anti-inflammatory effects, can prevent and inhibit respiratory inflammation, prevent asthma attacks, especially in winter children and older asthma control better. According to reports, drinking more than two fish soups per week can reduce the risk of upper respiratory tract infections and the resulting asthma attacks.

Fifth, we should drink radish soup. Drink carrot soup in winter, which is good for the normal operation of the body. Radish contains lignin can further enhance the body's macrophage vitality, which engulf cancer cells and bacteria, viruses, etc., with anti-cold, anti-cancer, anti-infective and other effects. At the same time, radish is also a whitening lotion, eat radish can make the body of melanin, yellow pigment reduction, so that the skin is white and crystal clear, smooth and clear.

5, winter eat grilled fish, barbecue should be with radish

Modern nutritionists advocate that in the winter diet, barbecued food such as fish and barbecue should be served with radish.

Because the temperature when the fish is baked is too high, if the temperature is over 400 °C, the protein will burn and produce benzopyrene and secondary amines. The secondary amines will meet the stomach and nitrite, and they will be produced under the action of stomach acid. Nitrosamines. Modern medical research has determined that benzopyrene and nitrosamines are strong carcinogens. Experts have confirmed through a large number of pathological investigations and animal experiments that eating too much or eating too often can cause cancer.

Winter seasonal vegetables - radish, is the oldest vegetable in our country. It is rich in nutrients, containing 8 to 10 times more vitamin C than pear and apple, and contains protein, fat, sugar, inorganic salts, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and amylase, oxidase and so on. Radishes also contain mustard oil, which, together with enzymes in radish, promotes gastrointestinal motility, increases appetite, and helps digestion.

According to medical research, abundant vitamin C has the effect of blocking the binding of nitrite and secondary amines in the stomach, which can reduce the production of nitrosamines, and thus can play a role in preventing cancer.

In addition, radish contains a variety of enzymes, can completely eliminate the carcinogenic nitrosamines make cells mutate. Radishes also contain a lignin that can further increase the viability of macrophages and can phagocytose cancerous cells.

Since carcinogens contained in grilled fish and grilled meat can be destroyed by vitamin C, enzymes, etc. in radish and lose their carcinogenic effects, eating radishes when eating grilled fish, grilled meat or other foods can not only help digestion, And it can fight cancer and cure cancer.

6, eat dog meat in winter should pay attention to health

Dogs, also known as dogs, are one of the "six animals" in China. Before the Han dynasty, the quantity and universality of people eating dog meat was equivalent to eating pigs, cattle, and mutton today. Its delicious flavor is relished by people. It has "smell the smell of dogs, and the fairy jumps on the wall."

Dog meat is delicious and contains abundant trace elements such as protein, fat, carnosine, creatine and potassium, chlorine, sodium, iron, calcium, phosphorus, and purines. In the winter season, it is a delicious food on the table. People often eat some dog meat to make up the spleen and stomach, strengthen bones and bones, and benefit the blood. However, it should be noted that eating dog meat should be hygienic. Otherwise, it often leads people to digest, breathe, and circulatory system in a variety of diseases, even when life-threatening.

This is because parasites called Trichinella are often parasitized in dog meat. Trichinella is dioecious, the body is small, adults 3 ~ 4 mm, larvae 0 ~ 1 mm. Do not underestimate the female, its fecundity is extremely strong, a female can produce 1500 larvae, up to 10,000. These larvae can enter the lymphatic or venous blood vessels of humans or animals, reach various parts of the body through blood circulation, and can form "packet" within the muscle within one month. The larvae can live for several years in the "envelope". People who eat this "enveloped" dog can become infected with trichinosis.

According to experts' studies, trichinosis has great harm to the human body. The larvae can drill into the intestinal wall within 1 week, causing extensive changes in the duodenum and large intestine. People with the disease will develop nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, etc., accompanied by fatigue, chills, fever, etc. symptom. After 2 to 3 weeks, the larvae invade the muscle tissue via the blood vessels and cause muscle inflammation. At this time, the patient will experience persistently high fever, muscle soreness (the weight of calf muscles), generalized edema, muscle tissue and respiratory symptoms such as chewing, swallowing, breathing, and difficulty in speech. Some patients will also have liver and kidney pathologies. change. After 4 to 16 weeks, the patient's edema increased, the dehydration collapsed, and he presented with cachexia. He often died of toxemia, myocarditis and other complications. According to foreign reports, the mortality rate of this disease is as high as 6% to 30%. China’s Tibet, Yunnan, Shenyang and other regions have also occurred many times.

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