Healthy breeding of geese (below)

III. Feeding methods and management of geese
1. Feeding management in the house The temperature, humidity level, light time and intensity of light, air freshness and supply, cleanliness, sanitation, and pollution-free conditions in the goslings outside the house, facilities in the house and feeding conditions in groups, etc. Should meet the normal growth and development of geese and production and reproduction needs. According to the different growth and development stages of geese nutrition needs timely supply of suitable feed nutrients to meet its normal growth and development and reproduction of nutritional needs, must not be free to deal with, simple things. Otherwise, poor growth and development of geese, excellent production performance is inhibited, and ultimately lead to serious economic losses.
Goose farm feed and feed additives should be pollution-free green feed and additives. Generally, raw materials with high digestibility, small nutrient variation, high safety, and low anti-nutritional factors should be used. Industrial synthetic fats, livestock manure, etc. should not be used. Feed and feed additives shall not be mildewed, agglomerated, or have odors and odors, etc., do not use illicit drugs such as clenbuterol, chloramphenicol, diestrol, etc., and do not use high copper, high zinc, arsenic and sedatives. Wait. We must vigorously use eco-nutrient feed. Green feed additives, such as glucagon, probiotics, enzymes, oligosaccharides, acidifiers, allicin, and Chinese herbal feed additives should be used. It is necessary to adopt stage feeding methods and quantitatively feed materials to ensure the nutritional needs of animals and reduce feed wastage.
2. According to the different seasons, the grazing spring wind is sunny, the climate is warm, and natural feed is more. It is a good season for geese to grazing and should be selected for early grazing. When you grazing, try to get home early. In summer, temperatures are high. When grazing, early morning return early in the morning and evening late evening, when the heat is noon, return the geese back to the shade to cool down, or return to the shed to avoid direct sunlight. In particular, it is important to avoid the geese walking on the hot ground or on the sand to avoid heat stroke. Autumn is the harvest season. After harvesting, the rice field is a golden pasture grazing. During the first half of harvest, rice should be fed to meet future needs. After harvesting the late rice, the geese are driven to the field every day for a few days, and after 2 hours on the field, the geese are rushed to the nearby deep water to wash their hair and rest in a quiet place. About 10:00 am, then drive the geese into the field to eat falling valley and so on. Around 12 o'clock, the geese were driven out of the fields and rested in the deep, micro-flowing waters under the shade of a quiet tree. After 4 pm, he went to the field and tried to postpone the return of the geese.
There are more shallow waters in winter than in autumn because rivers, ditch ports, reservoirs and ponds are in dry season in winter and can become grazing areas. Geese can feed on some small fish, shrimp and aquatic plants. However, the winter grazing, because the temperature, water temperature are low, easily affected by cold growth. Therefore, the daily grazing time should not exceed 4 hours. In winter, the climate is cold, and there are fewer foods that can be chopped. It must be added and supplemented with supplements.
In addition, the goose grazing should adhere to the principle of three principles: the area where fertilizers and pesticides are to be applied will not be released, and the area where poultry infectious diseases occur will not be released, and areas that are contaminated by “three wastes” will not be released. When the geese are grazing, they must slow down. The language signals sent out should be gentle. It is forbidden to hurry up and shout loudly to avoid panic or injury.
3. Cultivation of grasses Selection of abandoned grassland and orchard gardens to build artificial pastures. The planting is resistant to grasshoppers, trampling, drought-resistance, and height of grass growth. It is suitable for goose feeding heights and is soft, juicy, palatable, and nutritious. Plants such as purple white firefly, white clover, red clover, Mexican corn, perennial ryegrass, etc. In order to meet the needs of year-round geese, one-year-old pasture rotation should be used for planting. For example, when Mexican corn was sown in early April, the winter grazing ryegrass and multi-flowered ryegrass were sown after the end of mid-October, and they were grown until the end of mid-May in the following year. According to the calculation of about 40 kilograms per geese, it is generally possible to feed 120 to 150 geese per 667 square meters of artificial grassland, and more than 200 gooses can be eaten in high-yield fodder.
IV. Sterilization and epidemic prevention During the healthy breeding of geese, good husbandry and management should be ensured to minimize the occurrence of diseases and reduce the use of drugs. Goose farms should be provided with "decline to visit" signs, disinfecting tanks should have a sufficient amount of disinfectant, and promptly add, replace. In and out personnel and vehicles must undergo strict disinfection. Strictly control the entry and exit of foreign workers from the production area. The staff at the site requested good health and no livestock disease.
Cleanliness and hygiene is the fundamental measure for the prevention and control of infectious diseases. The clean and hyacinth goose farm is conducive to disease control. At the same time, it can also enable geese to eat long meat and increase feed ratio. Try not to use river water or pond water for drinking water. The breeder must have special work clothes, shoes, and caps. Do appliances health.
Scientific and rational use of drugs is a powerful supplement to prevent and treat infectious diseases Application of drug prevention and treatment is also an effective measure to enhance the body's resistance and prevent and treat diseases. In particular, there are bacterial diseases that have no effective vaccines or have poor immune effects, such as salmonellosis, E. coli disease, and serositis.
In short, in the entire process of raising geese, we must resolutely implement the principle of "prevention first, prevention and prevention of treatment," and adopt local conditions, formulate environmental sanitation, disinfection management systems, and immunization procedures, and implement them strictly so that we can ensure the health of geese. . (Finish)
Author: College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University

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